In 1961, during a meeting held in Zernetz (Switzerland) by delegates from most of the BAS groups, it was decided to practice political resistance in the form of attacks in particular against symbols of the Italian government and its immigration policies – while adopting an uncompromising stance against the taking of human life.

Starting in 1964, at the latest, this stance was dropped – undoubtedly due to the torture of BAS activists and because of the murder of Luis Amplatz at Brunner Mahdern. However, the attacks against human life became less and less transparent; by 1964, at the latest, it was no longer possible to deny the involvement of the Italian intelligence agency in numerous attacks.

In 1961, the Italian Neo-Fascists in Austria likewise began committing attacks with explosives in Austria and targeting human lives.